Internet Censorship Around the The World
Certain governments worry about the Internet, as it can push forward revolutionary ideas, child pornography, human trafficking and so forth. Most of the world has some censorship of varying degrees, but there are a few exceptions. Countries without censorship include Mexico and Central America, a few countries in Latin America (such as Chile), Mongolia, Papua New Guinea and most of the middle of Africa. Mexico, however, did ask YouTube to remove a video that made fun of the government of Veracruz, Fidel Herrera, but that was the first time that a Mexican institution interfered with the Internet.
Countries with limited censorship include the United States, Canada, India, North Africa and most of Europe. India has blocked a few political activities, most notably a separatist group, the “Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council,” which caused all Indian groups on Yahoo! to be banned for around two weeks. Italy does not allow users to access foreign gambling sites, Pirate Bay or child pornography. Most countries with limited censorship focus on eliminated child pornography, and also preventing children from seeing pornography on public computers.
A few countries are under surveillance from Reporters Without Borders, including Australia, Russia, Turkey and Thailand. Reporters Without Borders is a Parisian company that supports freedom of the press. Russia is on the watch list of OpenNet Initiative, which monitors countries that censor the Internet. These countries have more censorship than those listed above.
Some countries have a considerable amount of Internet censorship, including Bahrain, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. These countries choose to ban certain political and/or religious content from the Internet. The nations with the most heavily censored Internet usage are China, North Korea, Afghanistan, Burma, Cuba, Egypt, Iran, Syria, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Vietnam. In North Korea, only about 4% of the population is able to use the Internet. The Internet is only available in cafes or hotels that cater to tourists. It is heavily censored, and contains mainly government propaganda. As a result, North Korea has a minimal Internet presence, since none of its newspapers are online.